Symptoms of hydrocephalus will differ depending on the patient's age. In infants, symptoms of hydrocephalus include:
Because the bones of the infant skull are growing and can expand to accommodate increased amounts of CSF, those with hydrocephalus typically have an increase in the circumference measurement of the head.
In older children and adults, symptoms of hydrocephalus include:
In older adults, symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus include:
It’s important to have any child with neurological symptoms evaluated as soon as possible by a pediatrician, who may refer the child to a neurosurgeon for further evaluation and a treatment plan. Adults with neurological symptoms should see their primary care physician for a complete physical examination, including a basic neurological exam (see Diagnosing and Treating Hydrocephalus).
Reviewed by Jeffrey Greenfield, Ph.D., M.D.
Last reviewed/last updated: April 2021