Carpal tunnel syndrome can become debilitating, preventing an individual from being able to perform daily activities and simple tasks. Increased pressure on the median nerve could ultimately lead to ischemia, a restriction in the blood supply, and scarring of the nerve. Treatment of severe CTS is necessary to prevent permanent nerve damage.
Results from the electromyogram and nerve conduction studies not only diagnose carpal tunnel syndrome, but also categorize the severity of nerve damage to the nerve and help the medical team determine treatment.
Conservative treatment for painful symptoms of mild/moderate carpal tunnel syndrome includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen, a month or two of wearing wrist splints, and corticosteroid injections. If these treatments fail to provide relief, surgery is indicated. Carpal tunnel release surgery is one of the most common surgeries performed.
Reviewed by: Galal Elsayed, MD
Last reviewed/last updated: October 2023